The topic of dissertation research is crucial. The effectiveness of the work is largely determined by the topic. At the same time, it is important that the topic be relevant and guarantee the novelty of the scientific problem and the need for its practical application.
The relevance of the topic can be determined by two components: the need for scientific study and the need for practical application. By practice is meant not only introduction to the enterprise, but also use in the educational process, at specialized courses.
It is also necessary to take into account the novelty of the wording of the topic. In carrying out the work, it is necessary to take into account studies that were previously conducted by scientists. Therefore, the topic of the thesis should be formulated in such a way that its research will lead to new discoveries in science. That is why it is necessary to pay due attention to the topic of the thesis in order to ensure a successful result and a successful defense.
Graduate students often have difficulty with the topic of the thesis, because they do not have basic knowledge. Here, as never before, the role of the supervisor is important, whose opinion must be taken into account. However, you should not trust everyone, because many may advise the topic only in order to free their way in this area. Therefore, the decision to take only a graduate student.
There are cases when the topic is not approved by the council, in this case it is necessary to bring convincing facts that it will be interesting and necessary for science. The feasibility of researching a topic is a fundamental factor in choosing it. There are many components that influence the choice of a topic, but the importance should be given only to the awareness of the problem and its own forces to work it out.
It is very important to consider the documentary basis for the study. This applies to branches of science, where sources are of paramount importance. First of all, we are talking about the humanities. Very often, the topic for research is formulated, but sources for its research are not enough, so a fundamental study is impossible. But at the same time, it is very important that the topic be even remotely familiar to the graduate student, since three years for its thorough study may not be enough if you don’t know the essence of the problem. Of course. The best option would be if a graduate student already has some groundwork on some topic, it will greatly simplify the task and reduce the time for its research.
Research of a scientific theme assumes the solution of several tasks:
Examine the degree of knowledge of the problem, investigate historiography, analyze the results of the research of predecessors, pay attention to questions that remained little studied or did not receive an answer at all, or discover facts that require rethinking. This will be the basis for future research.
Determine the scientific need for a research topic, identify relevance, determine the purpose of the research and the objectives that contribute to its achievement, and determine the scope of the phenomenon under study
Select a research methodology, explore sources, identify theoretical aspects that will underlie new interpretations and conclusions.
Determine who will be interested in research, and in what areas the results can be used.
The preparatory stage will provide an opportunity to formulate the topic of the thesis. It is necessary to take into account the breadth of the issues and the time frame. If several problems are investigated, it is advisable to establish a specific period, which will allow to study the issue in more detail.